Lifestyle plays an important role in treating your high blood pressure.

1. Watch your weight and waistline Weight increases blood pressure. Overweight causes sleep apnea, which elevates blood pressure.

2. Regularly exercise 150 minutes a week of exercise, or 30 minutes most days, can lower high blood pressure by 5 to 8 mm Hg.

Eat healthily If you have high blood pressure, eating whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy can drop it by 11 mm Hg.

4. Reduce sodium in your diet A little reduction in salt can enhance heart health and lower blood pressure by 5 to 6 mm Hg.

5. Drink less alcohol Alcohol is healthy and unhealthy. In moderation — one drink a day for women, two for men — alcohol can drop blood pressure by 4 mm Hg.

6. Quit smoking Each cigarette you smoke increases your blood pressure for many minutes after you finish.

7. Limit caffeine Caffeine's effect on blood pressure is controversial. Rarely-consumed caffeine can elevate blood pressure by 10 mm Hg.