From 1999 to 2015, uterine cancer incidence rates rose by 12 percent, according to the CDC.

Endometrial cancer, the most common uterine cancer, is increasing while many others are declining.

Causes Extra weight, Type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure increase endometrial cancer risk. 

Cancer risks include: Age increases risk. Endometrial or colorectal cancer in a parent or sibling. Breast cancer drug tamoxifen exposure. Lynch syndrome. Obesity. Diabetes.

Prevention To prevent uterine cancer, some women with Lynch syndrome have a hysterectomy.

Symptoms Early detection of endometrial cancer improves prognosis and survival. More than 600,000 endometrial cancer survivors live in the U.S.

Possible signs of endometrial cancer to look for are: – Unusual vaginal bleeding or spotting. – Abnormal vaginal discharge, even without bleeding. – Pelvic pain. – Painful urination. – Unexplained weight loss.

Diagnosis That could include: – Endometrial biopsy. – Transvaginal ultrasound. – Hysteroscopy. – Imaging like a CT scan for cancer that may have spread.