Stroke can occur when there is a disruption of blood supply and nutrients to the brain or when blood vessels rupture and bleed. The brain cells will begin to deteriorate in a matter of minutes, causing a medical emergency that requires medical attention to avoid brain damage and other complications.
Lifestyle-Related Factors that Increases Risk of Stroke
Some of the risk factors for stroke are uncontrollable, such as age, gender, and family history. However, many controllable factors are lifestyle-related. Here are some of them according to India.com:
- High Blood Pressure– This is the most significant risk factor for stroke because it can weaken and damage blood vessel walls that lead to cerebral hemorrhage or lead thickening of artery walls.
- Diabetes– This gives the person twice the likelihood of having a stroke because it contributes to the development of atherosclerosis.
- Lack of Exercise– A sedentary lifestyle is linked to obesity and high blood cholesterol that are significant risk factors for stroke.
- Alcohol– Heavy drinkers regardless of age are three times likely to have a stroke, especially a hemorrhagic stroke.
- Illegal Drugs– Intravenous (IV) drugs increase the risk of stroke because of blood clots, while cocaine and other drugs are associated with heart attacks and other cardiovascular diseases.
Essential Food Tips to Reduce Risk of Stroke
According to Express.co.uk, lifestyle changes may help reduce the risk of stroke. Eating a healthy balanced diet can help prevent strokes, which means that they should avoid eating junk food. Instead, a snack on fruits and vegetables is advised.
The Stroke Association said that at least five portions of fruit and vegetables each day are recommended, especially those high in fiber. More so, they should cut back on fatty and salty food, as well as red meat, which can raise cholesterol levels and clog up the artery.